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Le cheminement historique des organisations internationales : entre technocratie et démocratie

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the topoi of "technocracy" or more precisely the "technicality" and "democracy". From the 19th century, these topoi marked the debates on international organizations and influenced the way to apprehend them. The chapter highlights the interaction between these topoi and gives an updated reading. It discusses the main stages of the historical process of international organizations. This overview is limited to developments until 1945, since the creation of the United Nations marks the beginning of a new era of international law. As it is known that the League has greatly inspired the design of the United Nations. Taking advantage of the experiences of "novice predecessor", the authors of the Charter was to try to avoid the pitfalls of constructive Covenant of the League. The chapter presents the reasons for the emergence of international organizations. It discusses the democratic and non-democratic aspects of international organizations.

Keywords: technocracy; international organizations; democracy; international law



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