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2. A Communist Agitator in West Africa?

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Chapter Summary

Moscow, rather than New York or Chicago, is where most of the African American radicals initially resided. As a result, Moscow emerged as one of the nodal points of the radical African Atlantic network. In 1926, Otto Hall's brother Harry (alias Harry Haywood) was sent to Moscow, and one year later William L. Patterson (alias William Wilson). Despite their different original background, all of the Black students had been sent to Moscow from the USA and through the Worker's Party or the ANLC. This was a direct outcome of the global policy of the Comintern regarding the 'Negro' and the Colonial Question: identifying the dual mission of the African American proletariat both as part of the class-struggle against capitalism by the American working class and at the same time as being designated the leadership of the oppressed 'Negro masses' in their freedom movement in the African Atlantic.

Keywords: 'Negro masses'; African American; capitalism; Comintern; Harry Haywood; Moscow; William L. Patterson



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