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11. Moscow’s Final Call—and Yet Another New Start?

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Chapter Summary

Huiswoud's ambitions to re-establish and create a radical African Atlantic crashed in 1935. After a promising start in 1934, the dramatic global political changes during the next year curtailed the limited objectives for the ITUCNW and forced it to be overhauled. Huiswoud proposed that the ITUCNW should be transformed into an umbrella organization for all worker organizations, trade unions and individuals in the colonies and the metropolitan countries that are sympathetic to its programme. Huiswoud and the ITUCNW were caught in the maelstrom of ever changing propositions and guidelines, which were created in Moscow over the next two years. The new policy opened the way for Communist parties to ally themselves with parties committed to a radical, anti-capitalist programme as a prelude to revolution. The Popular Front policy of Seventh World Congress of the Comintern resulted in the subsequent dissolution of the RILU.

Keywords: anti-capitalist programme; Communist parties; Huiswoud's ambitions; ITUCNW; Moscow; radical African Atlantic; RILU; Seventh World Congress; umbrella organization



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