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Chapter Summary

Heralded as the new starting-point for Black anticolonial and anti-imperialist activism and the subsequent beginning of decolonization in Africa and the Caribbean, the congress was able to summon some 90 delegates from all over the African Atlantic, including 26 from Africa and 33 from the West Indies. The developments on the radical Pan-Africanist scene after 1935 had little to do with the Comintern. The anti-imperialist and anticolonial ideology and official policy of the Comintern was intrinsically class-based and colour-blind. The International Trade Union Committee of Negro Worker (ITUCNW) was just one of similar units that had been established within the Comintern Apparatus after 1928. It was thus first and foremost an integral part of the 'solar system' of the Comintern. The 'Class-Against-Class' policy also laid out the guidelines of the ITUCNW; it was never to link up with Pan-Africanism or even to emerge as a 'Black International'.

Keywords: 'Black International'; 'Class-Against-Class' policy; African Atlantic; anti-imperialist activism; Black anticolonial; Comintern; ITUCNW; West Indies



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