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1 The Foundation and Establishment of Ḥanafite Theology in the Second/ Eighth and Early Third/Ninth Centuries

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Chapter Summary

The development of kalām elsewhere mostly skipped over his name, and only a few thinkers such as al-Najjār in Rayy remained indebted to his legacy, here on the eastern boundary of the Islamic Oecumene the Master's ideas were already known during his lifetime and rapidly formed the basis of an independent school that held its own ground. The particular events in which this conflict of principles manifested itself all took place in the first half of the second/eighth century and are recorded in al-Ṭabarī's annals. The chapter highlights events that demarcate our historical framework and make it seem plausible that a Ḥanafite kalām school indeed emerged in Transoxania and Tokharistan. The real stroke of luck is that Abū Ḥanīfa himself seems to have left behind texts of theological significance.

Keywords: Ḥanafite theology; Abū Ḥanīfa; Islam; kalām; Sunnī theology; Transoxania



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