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Open Access Introduction

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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter discusses of the history of the concept of ḥijāzī script which is clear in this respect: the various authors took for granted that the script of Mecca and that of Medina were not so different from one another, derived from the region of the Arabian peninsula where both cities are located. One can argue that the decision taken by Muhammad to have Meccan prisoners to redeem their freedom by teaching Medinan children how to write can be taken as an indication of the relative closeness of the scripts in question. Two aspects are described: the general appearance and a specificity of the alif. There are substantial parts of copies which can be dated to the Umayyad period through the combination of various approaches: palaeography, philology and art history. It aims at providing new information and fresh insights into the history of the muṣḥaf during Umayyad times.

Keywords:ḥijāzī ; Mecca; Medina; muṣḥaf; palaeography; Umayyad period



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