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4. Agrarian Ideologies and Peasant Movements in the Balkans

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Chapter Summary

The peasant movements in the Balkans were guided by an ideology called peasantism, which can be defined as "the outlook of the peasantry on the mix of political and socioeconomic issues in which the peasants are interested and for whose solution they are fighting". To be precise, the peasant movements had their own versions of agrarianism, developed by their leaders and ideologists, and they evolved over time as the socioeconomic circumstances and the political situation changed. This chapter deals with a description of agrarianism as a backdrop against which the cases of the peasant movements in the Balkans treated and ends with a comparison between them, as well as an attempt to identify influences and entanglements. It notes that the peasant movements in Eastern Europe and the Balkans in particular were much more indigenous and tailored to local conditions than the international socialist movement and still more than Moscow-directed communism.

Keywords: agrarianism; Balkans; Moscow-directed communism; peasant movements; socioeconomic issues



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