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5. Fascism in Southeastern Europe: A Comparison between Romania’s Legion of the Archangel Michael and Croatia’s Ustaša

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides comparative perspectives on fascism in the interwar and wartime Balkans, in an effort to integrate fascist movements and regimes in this region more firmly within the realm of mainstream fascist studies. It presents an overview of the literature on generic or historic fascism published in English in the last decades, with a focus on new transnational perspectives, and concludes that fascism in the interwar Balkans has remained an under-researched, marginalized topic. The chapter continues with a thorough analysis of the local historiography on fascism in four countries in the region, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece. It identifies the main features of the communist historiography on fascism and contrasts it with the new trends that have occurred in this field of study in the post-communist period. After this historiographical overview, the chapter focuses on a comparison between the Romanian Legion of the Archangel Michael and the Croatian Ustaša.

Keywords: Archangel Michael; Bulgaria; Croatian Ustaša; fascist movements; Greece; Romanian Legion; wartime Balkans; Yugoslavia



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