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The Development of the Doll Festival as Seen in Paintings: Focusing on Edo Period Family Actions

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Chapter Summary

The main characteristics of the Edo period were the rise of rites celebrated by families for their children. The 3rd day of the 3rd month, the First Snake Day in the traditional calendar, came to be widely celebrated from the Edo period onwards as Hinamatsuri or Doll Festival, which is one example of family-based festivals for children. The rise of family festivals indicates the change of the family system. The first record of the winding stream banquet appears in the entry for the First Snake Day of the 3rd month of the first year of Emperor Kenzō's reign in the Nihon Shoki, and states that the emperor held a winding stream banquet in the imperial garden. The Doll Festival was linked with the 3rd day of the 3rd month, just like the winding stream banquet, because of the connection with China's purification ritual held on the First Snake Day.

Keywords: Doll Festival; Edo period; Emperor Kenzō's reign; First Snake Day; winding stream banquet



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