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Clades Judaeae Gentis: Patterns of Destruction

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Chapter Summary

In the Netherlands, Maarten van Heemskerck applied typology in a particularly creative way in the magnum opus of his graphic work: the Clades Judaeae Gentis print series. The twenty-two engravings, organized in pairs, represent the unfolding of salvation history through visual and narrative patterns, particularly by means of the (ruinous) architectural monuments that dominate every scene. The size of the building and the pattern of destruction are reminiscent of the Tower of Babel, and the Destruction of the Tower of Babel respectively, which serves as a reminder that the Chaldean victory was a (mediated) instrument of divine punishment. The Clades series concludes with the Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus. By their rejection of Christ the Messiah, the Israelites orchestrated their own destruction, eliciting the ruination of the Temple that incontrovertibly announced the definitive rupture of the Old Covenant.

Keywords: Christ the Messiah; Clades Judaeae Gentis; Destruction of the Tower of Babel; Israelites; Maarten van Heemskerck; Old Covenant; salvation history



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