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7. Aiginetan Deities and Cults: Synchronic Analysis of Social Roles

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on those deities whose worship on Aigina is attested in the second half of the 5th century BCE. The author's synchronic analysis is anchored in this specific period. More than twenty cults are discussed in the chapter. Homonymous deities worshipped under different cultic epithets (e.g., Apollo Delphinios and Apollo Pythios) count as distinct cults. Apollos are grouped together in one section for ease of discussion, not to suggest a priory conceptual or theological unity. At the same time, Damia and Auxesia, as well as Aiakos and Aiakidai count as single cults, in spite of the fact that two or more divine figures are being worshipped together. Aiginetan deities are sorted differently: into two groups, according to the ascertainability of their social roles. The chapter also discusses additional evidence pertaining to religious life on Aigina in later periods (Hellenistic and Roman) and concerned with the deities.

Keywords: Aiakids; Aiakos; Aigina; Aiginetan cults; Aiginetan deities; Auxesia; Damia; social roles; synchronic analysis



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