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9. Historical Development of the Aiginetan Cults

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the diachronic development of the Aiginetan system of cults. The evidence allows one to distinguish three groups of cults, the beginnings of which can be shown to be no later than either the Classical, Archaic or Geometric periods. The earliest cultic sites on Aigina are indicated by archaeological evidence. There are four cult sites: the site of Aphaia, the site of Oros, Mt. Dragonera, and the site of Kolonna. Faraklas lists two more sites on Aigina as possible Geometric shrines: Agios Dimitrios and Tripiti B. The site of Kolonna was used not only as a cult site, but also as a cemetery in the Geometric period, which suggests that a habitation area was in the vicinity, according to Walter. The cults of Damia and Auxesia, Aiakos and the Aiakids, and Herakles are similar to each other and different from the Geometric group of cults in several respects.

Keywords: Aiginetan system of cults; Aphaia; Archaic period; Auxesia; diachronic stages; Geometric period; Kolonna; Mt. Dragonera; Oros



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