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6 The Urgency of Refuge: 1943–1945

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Chapter Summary

The immigration policy of the Mexican government during 1943 and 1944 was defined, above all, by the situation created by World War II. The arrival of refugees in the country was practically suspended altogether by the Mexican prohibition on European immigration and the conditions imposed by the Nazis on the Jews and other persecuted persons. By then, it had also become clear that Mexico could not be considered a country of immigration and that any project to save Europeans should be dealt with in the Mexican political sphere of asylum, that is, as an exceptional case. The only case of collective asylum offered by the Mexican government to European refugees benefited a group of non-Jewish Poles who were in Iran. Analyzing this situation will allow us to draw some comparisons that will increase our understanding of the issue at hand.

Keywords: European refugees; immigration policy; Mexican government



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