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Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Necessity

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores some issues in the late scholastic free will debate in relation to divine foreknowledge of future contingent states of affairs. The author under scrutiny is Luis de Molina (1535-1600). After presenting a broader framework for the problem of foreknowledge, the chapter deals with this issue itself. In line with the scholastics the chapter focuses on two important questions: first, whether there is certain divine foreknowledge of future contingents; and second, if there is such foreknowledge, whether its certainty imputes any necessity to future states. It addresses both questions in turn. The chapter outlines the broader picture and also addresses the logically prior issue of divine causation in order to understand why an adequate explanation of divine foreknowledge is of paramount importance in Molina's philosophical theology. In contrast, Molina denies that God would sufficiently determine human volition.

Keywords: divine foreknowledge; God; human volition; Luis de Molina; philosophical theology



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