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1 Historical Overview

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Chapter Summary

The Greek article appears as far back as Homer. Discussion of its function dates back to the Classical era. The classic writers placed it under the category ἄρθρον, which is generally translated joint. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, New Testament Greek scholars were heavily, if not solely, dependent upon grammars written in German. Early English language Greek grammars were translations of German originals. Thus, the categories used by the writers were based on comparisons and contrasts between Greek and German. Those who engaged in the study of the Greek New Testament, and who went on to write grammars, were often educated in classical or Attic Greek. It is necessary to engage in a brief survey of select, representative classical Greek grammars in order to illustrate the influence of this broader field on the study of Biblical Greek.

Keywords: ἄρθρον; Greek article; New Testament



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