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2 The Common Function of the Article and Relative Pronouns: Methodology

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the use of relative pronouns and the article in μέν. δέ constructions, as well as independent μέν and δέ constructions. The results of this analysis confirm that the Greek article and relative pronoun belong to a common category, which designate Ho- items. The two most important pieces of information to focus on regarding the English definite article are proximity and recoverability. While there should be instances of parallel usage between English and Greek, the analyst must resist the temptation to force conformity where it does not exist, allowing the two languages to depart from one another as well. By emphasizing Greek patterns of usage, this methodology allows the researcher, on the one hand, to observe general characteristics possessed by both the article and relative pronouns, while at the same time observing how the article and relative pronouns are functionally distinct.

Keywords: English definite article; Greek article; Ho- items; relative pronouns



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