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5 ὁ-Items in μὲν . . . δὲ Structures

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Chapter Summary

This chapter observes the article filling the same slot as the relative pronoun. The μὲν. δὲ construction is used to mark "sets of items in contrast with one another, 'on the one hand. but on the other hand'. " Numerous examples of structures using both the relative pronoun and the article are found in the New Testament. The use of the article by itself in μὲν. δὲ constructions appears to have arisen from two distinct yet complementary factors. The first of these is the obvious connection with the relative pronoun. The second factor was the use of ὁ μὲν and ὁ δὲ as a form of shorthand, where the head term is elided and the article is elevated to the role of head term. These two factors combined likely explain how the article came to be used in this construction.

Keywords: δὲ construction; New Testament



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