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Samson in Islamic Literature and in the Old Testament

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyses the occurrences of Samson in early Islamic literature and compares how Samson is portrayed there with his portrayal in the Old Testament. Samson is mentioned sparsely in the Islamic literature. He is not mentioned in the Qur'ān but occurs in Arabic historiography of 'Umāra Ibn Wathīma al-Fārisi, Kitāb Bad' al-Khalq wa-Qisṣaṣ al-Anbiy ā' (Book of the Beginning and of the Prophets); Abū J a'far Ibn Jarir Al-Ṯabarī (839-923) Ta'rīkh al-rusul w a'l-mulūk (The History of Rulers and Kings), Abū Isḥāq al-Ṯ a'labī, 'Ar ā'is al-majālis fī qiṣaṣ Al-Anbiy ā' (Lives of the Prophets), Kamal al Din Muhammad Ibn Mūsā al-Damīrī (1344-1405) in his Hayāt al-Ḥayawān al-Kubrá (Greater Life of Animals). Samson is also a prophet in the Islamic tradition and therefore he is a saint. Consequently his portrait can only be that of an upright person (a Muslim).

Keywords: Islamic Literature; Muslim; Old Testament; prophet; Qur'ān; Samson



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