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“Tabrizis in Shiraz are Worth Less Than a Dog:” Saʿdī and Humām, a Lyrical Encounter

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the political and literary milieu to which the two poets (Saʿdī and Humām) belong and the historical context in which they developed their poetical conception of vision. When Jāmī stated that "nobody has composed ghazals before Saʿdī" he probably refers to some peculiarities of Saʿdī's style that became part of the canonical pattern for the composition of lyrical poetry in Persian and allowed Pre-modern critics to trace a close association between the poet and his epigones. The case of Humām is interesting due to his influential role in the cultural and political environment of Tabriz during the process of the Islamisation of the Īl-Khānid power at the time when the empire was struggling to exert a close control on the economically and militarily strategic region of Fārs with its access to the Gulf and the inner regions of the heartland of the Iranian plateau.

Keywords: Fārs; Humām; Persian; Saʿdī; Tabriz



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