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In Pursuit of Memoria and Salvation: Rashīd al-Dīn and His Rabʿ-i Rashīdī

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Chapter Summary

The Rabʿ-I Rashīdī, a complex of pious and charitable institutions which surrounded the mausoleum of its founder, Rashīd al-Dīn Hamadānī, the famous vizier of the Ilkhans Ghazan and Öljeytü and author of the Jāmiʿ al-tavārīkh, is one of the most well-known pious endowments in Iranian history. This is due to its endowment deed al- Waqfiyya al-Rashīdiyya or Vaqfnāma-yi Rabʿ-i Rashīdī (= VRR), dating from the beginning of the 8th/14th century. The VRR is not only one of the oldest and most copious endowment deeds of Iranian provenience, it also stands out because against usual practice large parts of it were not written down by a qāḍī or judicial notary, but by the prominent founder himself who also preferred to compose it in Persian, not in Arabic, the common language of Islamic legal documents at the time. In 2007 it was incorporated into the UNESCO World Memory program.

Keywords: Ilkhans Ghazan; Islamic legal documents; Rabʿ-I Rashīdī; Rashīd al-Dīn Hamadānī; UNESCO World Memory program; Vaqfnāma-yi Rabʿ-i Rashīdī (VRR)



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