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New Light on Shams: The Islamic Side of Σὰμψ Πουχάρης

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Chapter Summary

This chapter tries to cover some information about elusive Shams, who undertook to teach the Greek Chioniades astronomy and provide him with valuable texts, despite whatever reservations Shams and others in Tabriz had. It explores the intellectual context of Tabriz in which this transmission took place and the sources of some of the material Chioniades took back with him to Byzantium. Chioniades returned to Trebizond in the late 1290s and was in Constantinople by April 1302. By 1315, he was in Trebizond, where he lived as a monk until his death around 1320. Chioniades got his apprenticeship into Islamic astronomy with the purported works of Shams al-Dīn, which are found in Greek translation in some of the manuscripts, contain any of the newer material from the Maragha and Tabriz observations and whether the Persian Syntaxis of Chrysococces, which he says comes from the work of Chioniades, contains this new material.

Keywords: Chioniades; Islamic astronomy; Shams al-Dīn; Tabriz; Trebizond



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