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Chapter 19. In Combating and Deterring IUU Fishing: Do RFMOs Work?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reviews the achievements of regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs), especially as the management of fishery resources is one of the main functions they are established for. It also discusses and assesses the recent developments on Port State Measures (PSM). Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities in recent years pose significant threats in the context and tend to impair the effectiveness of the management mechanisms. IUU fishing directly impacts on the sustainability of fish stocks and efforts to manage fisheries as a sustainable resource. In order to combat and deter IUU fishing, a number of international fisheries instruments have been adopted which serve to place a range of obligations on States to exercise effective control over the fishing vessels flying their flags. Economic gain is the main driving force behind IUU fishing activities and this fact may hold the key to part of the solution.

Keywords: fishery resources; Illegal unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing; Port State Measures (PSM); regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs)



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