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Chapter 29. Exploiting the Oceans for Climate Change Mitigation: Case Study on Ocean Fertilisation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the extent to which modern oceans governance is capable of responding to proposals to exploit the oceans for climate change mitigation purposes. It focuses on ocean fertilisation as the strategy which has thus far received the greatest attention from scientists, policy-makers and international lawyers. It also explores the current regulatory regime for ocean fertilisation, drawing on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC), the evolving regulatory framework under the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter, the Protocol to the London Dumping Convention and general principles of international environmental law. This chapter demonstrates the limits of the current regime, which sets out three fundamental governance challenges associated with not only ocean fertilisation but also geoengineering more generally.

Keywords: climate change mitigation; geoengineering; international environmental law; ocean fertilisation; oceans governance; regulatory framework



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