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The Bu Principality System and Its Structure

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Chapter Summary

This chapter views at the early proper name Bu prior to essential changes such as the switch to direction names. It also examines the nature of the Bu and the period when the Obu were established, their structure, and how their establishment constituted the early Koguryŏ political structure. Koguryŏ arose in the middle region of the Yalu River Basin, a remote mountainous area. There would be interaction among the people living along the river in the area of a certain valley so it would have been a natural tendency for villages upstream and downstream to form a group unit. That is what was meant by X Na or Xx Na, and it was such Na which was the origin of the Five Bu or principalities of Koguryŏ. The king was the head of Kyeru Bu, the strongest of The Five, and therefore the master of them all.

Keywords: political structure; principalities of Koguryŏ; Yalu River Basin



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