Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Ummīs versus Imāms in the Ḥurūfī Prophetology: An Attempt at a Sunnī/Shīʿī Synthesis?

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The revelation of Muḥammad's prophetic message gave Faḍl Allāh a specific vantage point on the contemporary situation of Islamic religious dogma and on the direction of its further development. The Jāwidān-nāma is the foundational work of this movement, which came to be known, mainly through its descriptions in external sources, under the name of Ḥurūfiyya. The Jāwidān-nāma does not seem to contain any theory that is explicitly opposed to the majority dogma. On the contrary, the text arguably bears traces of an effort reconciling the competing currents of contemporary Islam, mainly focused on the Sunnī/Shīʿī rapprochement, characteristic of the post-Mongol Iranian context. This chapter discusses the Jāwidān-nāma's theory of "motherly" (ummī) prophets. According to the Jāwidān-nāma, the most complete knowledge of God available to any created being is contained in the divine Word, which is the first emanation of the unfathomable divine Essence.

Keywords: Ḥurūfiyya; Islamic religious dogma; Jāwidān-nāma; Muḥammad's prophetic message; Sunnī/Shīʿī rapprochement



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Unity in Diversity — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation