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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book The Racial Idea in the Independent State of Croatia. The book traces the intellectual and/or ideological origins, and the wartime articulation and propagation, of Ustasha ideas concerning, a) theories of ethnic and/or ethnolinguistic origins (ethnogenesis); b) racial anthropology, which postulates that human races possess distinct physical as well as mental/spiritual traits; and c) race theory, which presents a racial interpretation or philosophy of history and culture. As the book highlights, Ustasha racial ideas evolved within the context of a dialectic of rival racial claims beginning in the late nineteenth century and extending to the fall of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941. It examines how the Ustasha regime defined and constructed a unique Croatian racial identity, an ideal Aryan-Croatian racial type and also its racial Asiatic Balkan counter-type; this countertype included the NDH's Jewish, Gypsy and Serb populations.

Keywords: Aryan-Croatian racial type; Asiatic Balkan counter-type; Croatian racial identity; ethnolinguistic origins; Gypsy population; Kingdom of Yugoslavia; NDH's Jewish population; race theory; Serb populations; Ustasha regime



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