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8 The Ideal Racial Type: The Aryan Croat

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Chapter Summary

The racial narrative presented in the Nezavisna Država Hrvatska (NDH) stressed the select and exceptional racial (physical and spiritual) qualities of the Aryan Croat. As a 'historic nation' the Croats had proven themselves capable of creating a state, and this had been achieved primarily through the use of arms. The NDH's scholars and ideologists who wrote on the subject of race stressed the ideal physical and spiritual qualities of the Dinaric and Nordic races, which were regarded as the leading and decisive types in the Croatian people's racial composition. The racial idea in the NDH was the ideological and intellectual product of a long racial discourse that revolved around the dialectic of the competing racial theories of Yugoslavism, Greater Serbianism and anti-Yugoslavist Croatian nationalism. Through strong admixture with the Illyrians, the proto-Croats acquired a predominant Dinaric racial type, while retaining a marked Nordic racial strain.

Keywords: anti-Yugoslavist Croatian nationalism; Aryan Croat; Dinaric race; Greater Serbianism; Nezavisna Država Hrvatska (NDH); Nordic race; Yugoslavism

10.1163/9789004262829_010
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