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Chapter Summary

In 1945 the Vladimir Nazor, who joined the Partisans at the end of 1942, wrote a poem entitled 'Poems of the Fist', in which he declared that the Croats were not Goths but 'an ancient fragment of Slavdom'. Theories of the non-Slav origin of the Croats were not officially welcome in Yugoslav academic and political life. The Yugoslav Partisans had fought to re-establish the South Slavic national state and, set up a socialist state in which citizenship was open to all regardless of ethnic-racial origin. Racial anthropology occupied a central place in the anti-Yugoslavist Croat discourse on national identity because it made a clear distinction between linguistic and racial identity. According to the racial idea in the Nezavisna Država Hrvatska (NDH), the Croats were a cultured warrior nation of Aryans. This racial idea was certainly based on specifically modern nationalist arguments, but it was also based upon myth and tradition.

Keywords: anti-Yugoslavist Croat discourse; ethnic-racial origin; Nezavisna Država Hrvatska (NDH); non-Slav origin; Vladimir Nazor; Yugoslav academic life; Yugoslav Partisans



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