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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the phonemic inventory of Jibbali, with nonphonemic consonants in tabular form. In the system of transcription used (following the system that Johnstone outlined in JL), there are eight basic vowels, not all of which are distinct phonemes. The vowels i and e are distinct phonemes, but in some contexts may be interchangeable. The vowel e is also raised to i in the presence of a nasal consonant, and sometimes r. The vowels a and ϵ reflect a single phoneme: ϵ is the usual form, while a is usually found in conjunction with a guttural consonant. There are places in which the presence of two stressed syllables may explain certain phenomena. In the transcriptions of the texts, the author has generally marked the primary and secondary stressed syllable with an acute accent, unless the word is monosyllabic. There are very few words that are distinguished only by stress.

Keywords: distinct phonemes; guttural consonant; Jibbali; Johnstone; nasal consonant; nonphonemic consonants; phonemic inventory; secondary stressed syllable; Thomas Muir Johnstone



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