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Verbs: Stems

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Chapter Summary

Like other Semitic languages, Jibbali verbal roots are mainly triliteral, and appear in a variety of derived verbal stems, each characterized by particular vowel patterns and, in some cases, the addition of certain prefixed or infixed elements. The basic and most common stem is designated the G-Stem, according to the conventions of Semitic linguistics. Just as in Mehri, there are six derived verbal stems: the D/L-Stem, the H-Stem, two Š-Stems (Š1 and Š2), and two T-Stems (T1 and T2). In Jibbali, the G-Stem is divided into two basic types, an A type (Ga) and a B type (Gb). The H-Stem is characterized in Mehri by a prefixed h throughout the paradigm. Quadriliteral verbs are relatively rare in Jibbali, at least in the texts, with the exception of the verb aġsəré 'spend the night'.

Keywords: Š-stems; aġsəré; D/L-stem; derived verbal stems; G-Stem; H-Stem; Jibbali verbal roots; quadriliteral verbs; semitic languages; T-stems



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