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Interrogatives

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Chapter Summary

The interrogative 'who?' in Jibbali is mun. When used as the subject of a verb, mun is followed by the relative pronoun ɛ-/ð-.The interrogative ίnέ 'what?' can be used as the subject in a verbal or non-verbal sentence, as the direct object in a verbal sentence, or as the object of a preposition. For the interrogative 'why?' in the restricted sense of 'for what purpose?', Jibbali uses the phrase h-ίnέ, literally 'for what?'. The element h- is a reduced form of the preposition her, the same reduced form that is used in conjunction with pronominal suffixes. Although the phrase h-ίnέ can be used to mean 'why?' in some contexts, the general and more common interrogative 'why?' is kɔ(h). The word is normally pronounced kɔh in isolation or before a vowel, but usually otherwise. The basic meaning of the interrogative yɔl, and its common reduced form yɔh, is 'how?'.

Keywords: h-ίnέ; interrogatives; Jibbali; ; mun; relative pronoun; yɔh

10.1163/9789004262850_012
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