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Chapter Summary

The temporal conjunction ϵd 'until' sometimes corresponds in usage to the English coordinating conjunction 'and';. The most common conjunction in Jibbali is the coordinating particle b-, which derives from an earlier w-. It is identical in shape, though not in origin, to the preposition b-. There are numerous exclamatory particles used in Jibbali. The vocative particle in Jibbali is ϵ. The genitive exponent in Jibbali, corresponding to English 'of', has the form ɛ- or ð-. Both are prefixed to the noun, and ð- often has the helping vowel ə. The genitive exponent ɛ-/ð- is, with few exceptions, the only way to express a genitive relationship between two nouns. The particle ámma has the meaning '(but) as for', and is used to stress a contrasting or new subject. The particle ar is quite common, and it has a variety of functions.

Keywords: coordinating particle b-; English coordinating conjunction; exclamatory particles; genitive exponent; Jibbali; particle ámma; particle ar; temporal conjunction ϵd; vocative particle



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