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Some Syntactic Features

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Chapter Summary

Jibbali, like most other Semitic languages, does not make use of a verb 'be' in the present tense. It is also often absent in the past tense. In a copular sentence, subject and predicate are simply juxtaposed. This is true for both positive and negative sentences. A variety of negative particles in Jibbali is covered. The negative indefinite pronouns are 'no one' and 'nothing'. As in most other Semitic languages, there is no verb 'have' in Jibbali. Instead, the concept is expressed with a periphrastic construction. Most often the preposition k- 'with' is used, but the preposition b- 'in' is also used for certain kinds of possession. The two basic conditional particles in Jibbali are her and (ə)ðə. Purpose clauses in Jibbali can be either marked or unmarked. The most common particle used to l-əgérɛ, ɛd, and b-clause is her, though l-əgérɛ, ɛd and b- are also used.

Keywords: ɛd; (ə)ðə; b-clause; Jibbali; l-əgérɛ; negative indefinite pronouns; periphrastic construction

10.1163/9789004262850_014
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