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Chapter Two: On Establishing Root Letters and Other Related Matters

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Chapter Summary

'Root letter' and 'substance letter' are synonyms because there is no difference between the expressions 'of the root' and 'of the substance'. This is a letter such that if it is removed from a word, the word turns either into a different word or into something disused. Language is something initially agreed upon by its speakers. It includes a number of lexical classes, such as the lexical classes of 'beating', 'sprinkling', 'bending', 'doing', 'building', 'destroying' and 'memorising'. Among bi-radical words is the lexical class of 'doing'. If the ʿayin disappeared from the word, the meaning of 'doing' would no longer be conveyed, as would also be the case with the disappearance of the shin. Thus, the lexical class of 'doing' is discernible by the presence of the letters ʿayin and shin together.

Keywords: ʿayin; bi-radical words; lexical class; root letter; shin



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