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Chapter Four: On Masculine And Feminine Letters

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Chapter Summary

There are twenty-two letters: eleven masculine letters and eleven feminine letters. Masculine letters are servile and can be added to root letters in the beginning or end of words. Feminine letters are referred to as 'feminine' because masculine letters can be affixed to them. In addition to the previous classification, letters can be divided into four groups: radicals, auxiliary letters, built-in letters, and affixed letters. If a radical is removed from a word, the word will become corrupt. Indeed, if ʿayin, mem, or dalet disappear from עֲמֹד, it will no longer belong to the lexical class of 'standing'. This is the definition of all root letters. An affixed letter is mounted upon a word that had an established meaning before its affixation. If it is affixed, it constitutes an addition to a word's meaning.

Keywords: ʿayin; affixed letter; auxiliary letter; built-in letter; dalet; feminine letters; lexical class; masculine letters; mem



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