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Chapter Five: On The Conditions For Forming Morphological Patterns

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Chapter Summary

There are four types of imperatives. In the first type the initial vowel of the imperative is different from the initial vowel of the past form. In the second type the initial vowel of the imperative and the initial vowel of the past are identical, but their final vowels are different. In the third type the initial vowels of the imperative and the past are identical. Mnemonics cannot be made for this type. The fourth type are imperatives that do not have past forms. Someone whose books are present in time, namely, the master Abu al-Faraj Harun ibn Faraj, may God protect him, mentioned among the conditions for forming morphological patterns two conditions that are stronger than those who follow this course from among the Persians and others. It is permissible to establish conjugations reflecting their different inflections and to add these to what was established by others.

Keywords: Abū al-Faraj Hārūn ibn Faraj; final vowels; imperatives; initial vowels; mnemonics; morphological patterns; Persians



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