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Chapter Seven: On Imperatives That Coincide In Their First Vowel But Differ In Their Last Vowel From The Past Verb Forms (Derived From Them) And On Other Related Matters

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Chapter Summary

This chapter contains all the various iftiʿāl conjugations agreed upon by the people of the language that one could find in Scripture. Whenever you encounter an iftiʿāl verb, look for its distinctive feature in the end of the imperative and the past, not in the beginning. All imperatives in the chapter apart from exceptional cases have a ṣere in the final syllable, whereas the past forms are of three different types. In verbs of the first type past forms have a pataḥ in the final syllable. In verbs of the second type past forms have a qamaṣ in the final syllable. In verbs of the third type past forms have a ḥireq in the final syllable. In exceptional cases the imperative has a segol in the final syllable and the past has a pataḥ. The chapter ends with a discussion on verbs with identical initial vowels but different last vowels.

Keywords: ḥireq; ṣere; iftiʿāl conjugations; imperatives; last vowels; pataḥ; qamaṣ; Scripture; segol



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