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Chapter Nine: On Imperatives That Have No Past Form

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Chapter Summary

Many bi-literal imperative forms differ among themselves in the way that future prefixes are attached to them. Future prefixes occur in the same manner on their plural forms. These verbs cannot take object pronouns because they are intransitive. One person says that the forms are derived from נְסַע and לְַקח, but the nun and lamed are elided in יִַקח and יסַע, and are indicated by the dagesh. The letter in which the dagesh should occur is not one of the letters א֗ה֗ח֗ע֗, but the qoph and the samekh, which can take the dagesh. Imperatives that do not have past forms have only the future based past. Each imperative that has a past form has two types of future: future with future prefixes and future based on the past that is transferred (in tense) by waw.

Keywords: dagesh; future prefixes; imperatives; lamed; nun; qoph; samekh

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