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Chapter Sixteen: On Transitive And Intransitive Verbs

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Chapter Summary

There are two types of actions: actions that affect something, and actions that do not affect anything. Actions that affect something have a patient. Verbs (denoting actions) of bodily parts are always transitive because one always sees something that is seen, hears something that is heard, smells something that is smelled, tastes something that is tasted, and touches something that is touched. All transitive verbs have a patient. Verbs (denoting actions) of the whole body can be divided into two groups: transitive and intransitive. Intransitive verbs are, for example, (those that belong to the lexical classes of) 'sitting' and 'standing'. If one intends to make an intransitive verb transitive, one can do it in a number of ways. The first is transitivisation by means of a particle. The second is (transitivisation) by means of a pataḥ. The third is (transitivisation) by means of the dagesh.

Keywords: dagesh; intransitive verbs; lexical classes; particle; pataḥ; transitive verbs

10.1163/9789004262928_018
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