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Chapter Seventeen: On The First And The Second Imperative

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Chapter Summary

It is said that (the terms) 'first imperative' and 'second imperative' are used in two cases. The first is when the first imperative is transitive and the second imperative is intransitive. For example, עֲמֹד is intransitive and העמֵד is transitive. Similar cases are שֵׁב and הוֹשֵׁב, and other examples. The second case is when the first imperative is the base of the second, and the second is its secondary form. This pertains to reduplication and non-reduplication (of letters). Indeed, the base of 'turning around' is the samekh and bet and the base of 'rolling' is the gimel and lamed, but the reduplicated bet in סְבֹב and lamed in גְלֹל are secondary, because the meaning is fully conveyed by the base.

Keywords: bet; first imperative; gimel; lamed; samekh; second imperative



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