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Chapter Eighteen: On Infiʿāl And Iftiʿāl

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Chapter Summary

Two verb types (infi?al and iftiʿāl) are intransitive. Conjugational patterns of the type of infiʿāl do not contain a taw. A conjugational pattern of the type of iftiʿāl has a taw that never disappears. The taw of iftiʿāl does not occur between radicals, unless the first radical is a samekh, a ṣadi or a shin. The taw of iftiʿāl cannot be confused with the future prefix taw, because the taw of iftiʿāl is stable in the entire paradigm, but the future prefix taw is not. Moreover, the vocalisation of the taw of iftiʿāl is a shewa in all cases when it does not occur between the first and the second radical. Surely, one can see that if it were said that the two taws in תִתְהַלֵך indicate the future, one of them would be meaningless.

Keywords: iftiʿāl; infiʿāl; Karaite pedagogical grammar; samekh; shewa; shin; taw



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