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Chapter Twenty Seven: On Legitimate Combinations Of The Three Parts Of Speech Into Self-Sufficient Utterances

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Chapter Summary

The combination of a noun with a noun has a self-sufficient meaning, and so does the combination of a verb with a noun. The combination of a particle with a noun is self-sufficient when it is a vocative expression. A particle (combined) with a noun cannot convey a self-sufficient meaning, other than in the case of a vocative, because it is an auxiliary word (that cannot complete a predication). But in a vocative construction it forms a self-sufficient utterance with a noun because the expressed meaning is complete, as when one says: 'oh, Reuben'. This is to say that the two words convey information on their own and do not require other words in order to convey their message. As for the combination of a verb with a verb it does not have a self-sufficient meaning unless they are linked to a subject.

Keywords: auxiliary word; noun; particle; self-sufficient utterance; verb; vocative construction



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