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Politics and Environmental Development: From Imposition and Transformation to Conservation and Mitigation in the DPRK

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reviews the evolution in environmental theory and practice within the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK-North Korea) from the close of the Korean War in 1953 to the early years of the 21st century. An ideological approach was to be applied to environmental and agricultural practice through a change in the concepts and strategies relating to the technical, cultural and ideological aspects of environmental development. The DPRK's early focus on centralised industrial and developmental planning was very much a product of the influence of the Soviet Union under Stalin's leadership. The campaign utilised an approach that proved to be the first of a number demonstrating 'revolutionary urgent' tendencies within the DPRK. Both Kim II Sung and Kim Jong II engaged in what is referred to as 'on the spot guidance'. It is important first, before analysing the development of a strategy of environmental mitigation.

Keywords: agricultural practice; Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK); Kim II Sung; Kim Jong Il; Korean War; Soviet Union



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