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Marduk’s Kingship

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Chapter Summary

This chapter applies cultural translation (CT) to the situation of Marduk-šar-ilani's rise in Babylon, to better understand the similar rise of YHWH in Judah. In particular, it shows that Assyrian pressure becomes the motivation for the rise of Marduk's kingship in the Enūma eliš. The chapter is more concerned with what political, military and religious context motivated the unique expression of Marduk in the Enūma eliš. Wilfred G. Lambert suggests that Kassite presence was the external pressure and motivation for the rise in Marduk's divinity, yet the Kassites do not fit the profile for being a strong external pressure to motivate the changes in Marduk's kingship. The Enūma eliš had significant resonance for the Mesopotamian world. With resonance and coherence understood, the only divergence with CT in the chapter is that the motivation for Marduk's final elevation was not a moment of CT.

Keywords: Assyrian; Babylon; cultural translation (CT); Judah; Kassite; Marduk-šar-ilāni's kingship; Wilfred G. Lambert; YHWH'skingship



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