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The Context and Motivations for YHWH’s New Kingship

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analysis two solidified different stages in YHWH's kingship: a 12th-10th century YHWH warrior king as well as an 8th century Jerusalemite YHWH who is a creator and universal king. It assesses similarities between YHWH and Marduk-šar-ilāni's, to explore if this is a possible moment of cultural translation (CT), and to demonstrate how the features of Marduk's rise inform developments in YHWH's kingship. Marduk and YHWH share parallel expansions in their kingships evident in the movement from their early histories to the height of their expressions in the Enūma eliš and Pss 93, 95-99 respectively. YHWH's divine nature in the Psalms of YHWH's kingship is similar. CT and its newly formulated questions for Israelite religion, combined with a study of changes to Marduk's kingship in a Babylonian context, provided a set of criteria by which to observe the motivations for a significant change to YHWH's divine kingship.

Keywords: Babylon; cultural translation (CT); Enūma eliš; Marduk-šar-ilāni; Psalms; Yhwh's Kingship



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