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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a selection of letters written and received by the German Assyriologist Fritz Rudolf Kraus while he was in exile in Istanbul. These letters were exchanged between his family, friends and his teacher, Professor Benno Landsberger. In the first letter presented in this chapter, Kraus talks about the cruel taxation practices in Istanbul. In another letter, Kraus talks about Professor Landsberger, who had been diagnosed for kidney stone and was advised immediate surgery. In a letter from his brother, Werner mentions an operation, an iron foundry and machine factory, he was interested in. He also talks about employing Russians as housemaids and the demand for German language training for foreigners. Yet another letter, Werner mentions that the restaurants were too expensive and the bars serve potassium permanganate with aniline dye, instead of alcohol. The original text of this chapter is in German.

Keywords: Assyriology; Fritz Rudolf Kraus; German language training; Istanbul; Professor Benno Landsberger



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