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Chapter Two Chinese Culture and Its Characteristics

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Chapter Summary

China is an ancient civilization with a long history and long established culture. This chapter explains the formation of Chinese education traditions. Archeological evidence indicates that three large cultural groups of Huaxia, Dongyi, and Nanman emerged as early as 7000 BC to 2300 BC in this country. During this period of spring, China transitioned from wood farming tools to metal farming tools in its agricultural production. After many years of warfare, Emperor Ying Zheng (250-210 BC) of the Qin Kingdom finally unified China. The Sui and Tang Dynasties reigned over the expansion of territories and the establishment of a large empire in China. Song and Ming Idealism was the result of the combination of and the conflicts between the three belief systems of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Toward the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Western missionaries conducted missionary work in the East.

Keywords: Buddhism; Chinese culture; Chinese education traditions; Confucianism; Dongyi; Emperor Ying Zheng; Huaxia; Ming Idealism; Nanman; Song Idealism

10.1163/9789004263161_003
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