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Chapter Eight The Spreading of Marxism and the Establishment of Marxist Educational Thoughts in China

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the spreading of Marxism. Marxism is a part of Western culture in essence, because it was a natural product of Western political and economic development. When the capitalist mode of production coalesced and the struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie was growing fierce in the West, Marx and Engel created Marxist theory by analyzing the experiences of European labor movements and absorbing German classical philosophy, British classical political economics and French utopian socialism. Marxist educational thoughts accompanied the introduction of Marxism to China. With the development of the Chinese revolution, Marxist education theory was gradually put into practice at CPC's revolutionary bases. New Democratic education thought was a result of the spreading of Marxist theory in China and its integration with Chinese revolution. It came into being after a long period of exploration by Chinese communists in the revolution, based on experiences accumulated in revolutionary bases.

Keywords: bourgeoisie; British classical political economics; Chinese revolution; CPC's revolutionary bases; European labor movements; French utopian socialism; German classical philosophy; Marxist educational thoughts; proletariat

10.1163/9789004263161_009
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