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Chapter Ten Reforms, Open Door Policies, and Diversification of Educational Thoughts

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Chapter Summary

The economic reforms and open door policies brought Chinese education into a new stage. China lagged behind advanced countries in economy, science, technology, and education. In order to make up ground, China's only solution was to adhere to economic construction and work toward the four modernizations. In China, two changes occurred in the economy: the transition from a planned economy to the market economy, and the transition from labor intensive production to knowledge-intensive production. These two transitions foregrounded the importance of knowledge and talents, making education an increasingly crucial foundation for the construction of socialist modernization in China. In the 1990s, the world entered the information age due to the advancement of information technology. The information revolution has changed the entire world and brought about profound changes in production, life, and ways of thinking. China is no exception. The Internet culture has provided a platform for the development of personality.

Keywords: Chinese education; economic reforms; information revolution; information technology; internet culture; knowledge intensive production; labor intensive production; open door policies; socialist modernization

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