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4 Translation and Exegesis of Psalm 18.1, 2–7

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Chapter Summary

There are numerous variations of different kinds between the two texts (Psalm 18 and 2 Samuel 22): orthographical, morphological, syntactical, word order, lexical, additions and omissions. This chapter focuses on the text of Psalm 18, the Doppeltext in 2 Samuel 22, which provides the rare opportunity to examine how small lexical variations can affect a word-picture and its meaning. The psalm title is treated as an independent 'frame', rather than as an integral part of the psalm. The static images from the concrete world that are employed in v. 3 to paint the king's relationship with YHWH (e.g. rock, cave, shield), create some interesting conceptual 'spaces'. From a cognitive semantic perspective, natural features of the Palestinian landscape were of vital importance to Israel, which was under frequent military attack from all sides. An important rhetorical feature is the use of spatial imagery, which can be traced throughout the psalm.

Keywords: Hebrew bible (HB); king's relationship; Psalm 18; Samuel 22; YHWH



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